Meaghan Weeden | October 13, 2022 | 3 min read

On September 21, our strategic partner Terraformation announced the launch of the Seed to Forest Alliance, with American Forests, Ecosystem Restoration Camps and One Tree Planted as founding members, as well as US as an advisory partner. As part of our ongoing work to address the barriers to reforestation, One Tree Planted is proud to be part of this important alliance. 

The Seed to Forest Alliance is committed to directly supporting biodiverse, native reforestation. To achieve this, it will provide a network that connects forestry teams with financial and technical support; contribute to research and thought leadership to accelerate reforestation; and collaborate to share results, best practices and expertise.

Launched during Climate Week NYC 2022, the Alliance brings together corporates, NGOs and philanthropists to tackle the largest bottlenecks to reforestation at scale. Its initial focus? Inadequate seed supply. The importance of focusing on this area is underscored by research by Terraformation, which sheds light on the significant scale of the upgrades that are required in the world’s existing seed banking infrastructure.

In recent years, global companies have committed to planting over 3.6 billion trees in their sustainability plans. At COP26, $7.2 billion of private investment was committed to protect and restore forests. However, these targets will not be achievable without investment and innovation in global seed banking infrastructure.

Yishan Wong, founder and CEO of Terraformation, said: “Lasting climate solutions only come from collective action across diverse stakeholders. We’re incredibly excited to be working with organizations with the expertise, influence and determination to have a real impact on reforestation around the world. Native ecosystem restoration — with the right plants in the right places — is the most effective and immediately scalable carbon capture solution. Together, we can restore the future of our planet by conserving one of our most valuable resources at the heart of restoration: the seeds.”

India Tree Planting

Estimated Number of seed banks still needed per country based on low, medium and high “need for seeds scenarios". Source: Terraformation

New research reveals urgency for global seed bank network

To support this initiative, Terraformation has published The Global Seed Bank Index, the first global review of seed banking infrastructure. In the report, Terraformation analyzed the number of seed banks that are needed to meet the “global restoration potential” — or, the area of land in the world that is available for ecological restoration.

The research found that a global, decentralized seed bank network would drastically improve restoration, preserve threatened plants, sustainably expand native seed supply systems and benefit local communities.

Key findings include: 

  • There are currently 410 seed banks across 96 countries that store native species, but more are needed in almost all countries. Establishing larger regional seed banks could help meet the need for seeds more efficiently.
  • While the United States, Australia, Brazil and China have the most seed banks, they also need the most new seed banks to meet their restoration potential within 10 years.
  • More than 1/2 of the world’s countries have no known seed banks.
  • The restoration movement will also need to train hundreds of thousands of new seed collectors to preserve and restore threatened biodiversity.
  • The tropics and biodiversity hotspots are the highest priority locations for additional seed banking capacity given their high impact on biodiversity and climate regulation.
India Tree Planting

Following the study, Terraformation is calling on:

  • Businesses to invest in seed banks in their sustainability plans: seed banks allow corporates to invest in tangible products with measurable objectives and outcomes that directly support the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals.
  • Governments to support seed banks as a natural resource management strategy: government support at any level can help create a well-connected and scalable decentralized network with locally adapted, resilient seeds.
  • Local restoration organizations to prioritize seed banking: people already doing restoration on the ground are ideal candidates to add seed banking to their restoration toolkits and scale up their work with higher efficiency.
  • Commenting on seed banks, Yishan Wong added: “Public conversation around restoration focuses on tree-planting, but often forgets the forest, and the seed. We urgently need to improve access to solutions for long-term, resilient restoration by not only deploying thousands of new seed banks to solve seed supply shortages, but also solutions to other bottlenecks like early-stage capital. Scalable reforestation solutions are essential in supporting the United Nations Decade on Ecosystem Restoration and the planting commitments of hundreds of countries and organizations.”

India Tree Nursery

The Seed to Forest Alliance

Terraformation and its Alliance members are committed to scaling solutions to the largest bottlenecks to native forest restoration. Five of the largest bottlenecks are freshwater shortages, inadequate seed supplies, a lack of on-the-ground technical expertise, data accessibility, and insufficient financing. The Alliance will first focus on seed supply, including connecting forestry groups with the funding, technology and training to establish local seed supplies and enable biodiverse reforestation at scale. 

The Alliance is underpinned by three guiding principles:

  • Biodiversity and ecological resilience: the Alliance will only support native, biodiverse forest restoration in accordance with the IUCN Global Standard for Nature-based Solutions. It does not support monocultures or destructive forestry practices.
  • Community: the Alliance believes communities are at the heart of resilient and just land restoration. It supports forest restoration projects in alignment with UN Sustainable Development Goals, especially with regard to gender equality, decent work, human health and well-being, and elimination of poverty.
  • Measurable impact and transparency: the Alliance prioritizes impact, and as such will set quantifiable goals and transparently report progress. 
Group planting in India

About Terraformation
Terraformation is dedicated to restoring the world's forests to stabilize our climate, revive ecosystems, and build thriving communities. The company operates as a forest carbon accelerator, supporting early-stage forestry teams to launch, build, and scale biodiverse reforestation projects. In addition to producing high-quality, verified carbon credits, these projects generate complementary sustainable revenue streams to support local economies. Terraformation’s current partner network spans five continents and includes diverse landowners and organizations. It was founded in 2019 by Yishan Wong, former CEO of Reddit.

About Alliance Members is a platform for the trillion trees community; part of the World Economic Forum’s work to accelerate nature-based solutions in support of the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration, supported by funding from Marc and Lynne Benioff.

Founded in 1875, American Forests is a national nonprofit conservation organization and its mission is to create healthy and resilient forests, from cities to wilderness, that deliver essential benefits for climate, people, water and wildlife.

Ecosystem Restoration Camps is a global movement repairing the earth, from the ground up. The movement supports more than 50 camps in 27 countries, where ordinary people are taking on the task of restoration to increase local biodiversity, restore water-systems, and improve food-security and local livelihoods.

One Tree Planted is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit on a mission to make it simple for anyone to help the environment by planting trees. Their projects span the globe and are done in partnership with local communities and knowledgeable experts to create an impact for nature, people, and wildlife. 

Alberta trees and mountains
Tree Certificate
Owl in a tree
Alberta landscape with dog playing
Tree sapling
Planting site
Alberta trees and mountains
Tree Certificate
Owl in a tree
Alberta landscape with dog playing
Tree sapling
Planting site

Plant Trees Where They're Needed Most

Reforestation is one of the best ways to restore lands that have been degraded by forest fires. Plant trees in Alberta to help restore what has been lost. Learn more

With your help, we will:

  • Reforest lands damaged by record-setting fires
  • Support habitat for iconic biodiversity
  • Create a positive impact for generations to come
  • Year after year, forest fires grow in intensity as climate change continues to provide the perfect conditions for these fires to flourish. The good news is, reforestation can help restore these lands. Planting trees in Alberta is an effective method to revitalize the land and eventually return the area to a spruce-dominated mixed wood forest. Soil stability is an immediate ecological benefit of reforestation and the area provides enough light for a new forest to grow efficiently. 🌲
  • As the forest regenerates, it will provide a critically important regional habitat (nesting, denning, foraging, and hunting) sensitive migratory songbirds, sensitive raptors and owls, sensitive amphibians, black bears, and ungulates. The trees are carefully planted to prevent invasive species from colonizing burn scars.
  • personalized tree certificate (see gallery) to say thanks for your donation. We'll also send you reports about our Alberta project, so you can track the impact your trees are having on the ground!
  • We always plant a mix of diverse, native species from local nurseries. This project is working to replenish local forests, so the native species grown in the nurseries include black spruce, white spruce, tamarack, jack pine, red osier dogwood, balsam poplar, and mixed native willow species.

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