10 Fun Facts About the Environment
The environment includes everything that surrounds us, both living and non-living things. Plants, animals, soil, water, weather and climate are some examples. These elements work together as part of an integral system, where the different elements interact with each other, providing the conditions necessary for life to exist. Check out our video below or keep reading to find out more fun facts about our environment that will leave you feeling amazed!
Here are 15 amazing environmental facts
1. THE World's largest biome
The Taiga, also known as the boreal forest, is the world's largest biome.
The Taiga houses 30% of the world's forest cover, 11% of the Earth's landmass and stretches from Scotland to Newfoundland, via Russia and Canada!
4. MOST OF THE WORLD'S WATER IS SALTY
97% of the earth's water is actually salt water found in the oceans.
While about 3% of the earth's water is fresh, less than 1% of fresh water actually usable - 2.5% of the earth's supply of fresh water is unavailable to human beings (ie. too far under the surface, locked up in glaciers, highly polluted, etc.).
5. FUNGI HELP TO MANAGE THE EARTH
Fungi are earth's environmental managers! Without them, all life in the forest would be buried under layers of dead matter.
They not only decompose dead matter, but also break down rocks and even help to absorb oil spills and radiation.
Through the decomposition process, fungi release nutrients into the soil, which are needed for plants to grow and thrive.
6. WE CAN GET ENERGY FROM THE OCEAN
Yes, we can source energy from the ocean! Ocean thermal energy is a new technology that produces energy by harnessing the different temperatures (thermal gradients) between the deep ocean and the ocean surface.
Many countries have started to experiment with ocean thermal energy regulation as a source of renewable energy.
7. Plant-Based Road Salt Alternative
Beet juice can be used on roads instead of salt as a deicer: it freezes at -20ºC rather than -5ºC and is less harmful to the environment.
Salt-based deicers are not only harmful to vehicles and infrastructures, but excess salt from roadways can also flow into freshwater and disturb local ecosystems.
Beet juice on the other hand, is considered to be an eco-friendly winder road management solution!
8. ALUMINUM CAN BE RECYCLED INDEFINITELY
Recycling just one aluminum can saves enough energy to power a TV for 3 hours!
Aluminum is the most recyclable materials in the recycling bin, as well as one of the most recycled materials!
Aluminum can be recycled back to its original form and has a cost-effective recycling process, where it more than pays for its recycling costs and saves 90% more energy than sourcing new aluminum.
9. SAHARAN DESERT WINDS FERTILIZE THE AMAZON BASIN
Despite the fact that the Sahara and the Amazon Rainforest are miles apart, they share millions of tons of dust.
Dust carried from the wind of the Saharan Desert help to fertilize the Amazon Basin, which is the world's most biodiverse ecosystem!
In reality, it's not actually the dust, but the nutrients that it carries, especially phosphorus - which is a key nutrient for plants to grow and survive.
10. THE Ozone Layer will be Fully-healed BY 2069
The UN's Environment Agency (UNEP) has declared that the ozone layer, the planet's protective shield of gas, is on track to heal completely in our lifetime.
The recovery was made possible due to the phaseout of ozone-depleting substances, showing that if humans work together, we can really save the planet!