9 Fascinating Facts About Planet Earth

Ariel Canie | January 3, 2023 | 5 min read

9 Fascinating Facts About Planet Earth

Sometimes, we can be so caught up in the hustle and bustle of life that we forget that simply existing here on Earth is a miracle in itself. According to scientific theory, the odds of you existing right here and now are nearly impossible, with a 1 in 10^2,685,000 chance. That’s a 10 followed by 2,685,000 zeros. So simply put, if you’re reading this, you’ve already won the lottery.

Among trillions of other planets in the universe, Planet Earth is the only one with an environment that's known to harbor and sustain life, which makes you extra lucky to be here! Read on for some nature and environment facts that prove Earth is fascinatingly awesome:

9 Fascinating Facts About Planet Earth

summer sun

1. different Seasons are caused by earth's orbit

Different seasons are caused by Earth being tilted 23.4 degrees on its “axis”. This essentially means that different parts of the Earth are tilted towards the sun at different times of the year, causing varying temperatures and precipitation - or, seasons!  

ocean fish

2. oceans cover most of earth's surface

The Earth’s oceans cover about 70% of the Earth’s surface, and humans have only explored about 20% of these waters. Scientists estimate that the ocean is home to about 1 million species, with 90% of all living creatures calling it home. 

honey mushrooms

3. The largest organism is a mushroom

The largest living organism on Earth is not a blue whale or a towering tree — it’s actually a fungus! The honey mushroom is currently the largest known organism and covers a whopping 2,384 acres in Oregon’s Blue Mountains. 

mountain sunset

4. Mountains are caused by earth's shifting plates

Mountain ranges are formed when the Earth’s shifting tectonic plates collide, forcing surface rock upwards. One of the more famous mountain chains, the Himalayas, was formed nearly 25 million years ago when the Indian Peninsula collided with the Eurasian Plate. 

northern lights sky

5. Northern lights are a natural phenomenon

The northern lights, also known as aurora borealis, are the result of electrically charged particles called ions colliding into Earth’s atmosphere. When these ions hit Earth’s magnetic field, they collide with nitrogen and oxygen atoms while releasing energy. This release forms a glowing halo around the Earth’s geographic poles, known as an aurora!

earth day planting

6. Earth Day was started by a wisconsin politician

The very first Earth Day was practiced in 1970 by Wisconsin Senator and environmental activist Gaylord Nelson. Nelson founded it to raise awareness of environmental concerns, and April 22 was chosen since it was a mid-point during Spring Break and final school exams. 

redwood forest

7. The world's tallest tree is a redwood 

The world’s tallest tree is a 380-foot tall redwood named Hyperion that resides in the Redwood National Park in California. The tree is estimated to be between 600-800 years old, which is young in comparison to the world’s oldest trees, which are around 4000 years old. 


8. A japanese city has the most snowfall

The place that experiences the most snowfall per year is Aomori City, Japan. Aomori City experiences 312 inches (26 feet) of snow annually. This is due to the chilly Siberian winds crossing over Japan’s mountainous coastline, which causes moisture to rise and form snow. 

car driving through dense forest

9. Earth's largest rainforest

The Earth’s largest rainforest is the Amazon, which spans 9 countries and 1.9 billion acres. The rainforest holds an estimated 90-140 billion metric tons of carbon, playing a vital role in fighting climate change. With 1.6 million trees being cut down each day, it’s critical we restore the Amazon Rainforest for many generations to come. 

Want to do your part to protect our Earth’s natural wonders? Plant a tree today to help us on our mission to reforest the globe. 

Plant Trees Where They're Needed Most
Plant Trees Where They're Needed Most
Plant Trees Where They're Needed Most
Plant Trees Where They're Needed Most
Plant Trees Where They're Needed Most
Plant Trees Where They're Needed Most
Plant Trees Where They're Needed Most
Plant Trees Where They're Needed Most
Plant Trees Where They're Needed Most
Plant Trees Where They're Needed Most
Plant Trees Where They're Needed Most
Plant Trees Where They're Needed Most
Plant Trees Where They're Needed Most
Plant Trees Where They're Needed Most

Plant Trees Where They're Needed Most

As the need for reforestation is global and ever-changing, we feature where trees are most needed now. This project is currently supporting AFR100, the African Forest Landscape Initiative. Learn more

With your help, we will:

  • Provide jobs to minimize poverty in local communities
  • Improve climate change resilience & mitigation
  • Restore forest cover to improve food security
  • Africa is home to the world's second-largest tropical rainforest. The Congo Basin is home to 60% of the continent's biodiversity. However, unfortunately, Africa is alarmingly at risk due to the current deforestation rate - which is 4 times the global deforestation rate. Not only does this threaten the livelihoods of its local communities, but it also affects the planet as a whole.
    Thanks to AFR100, Africa is on a mission to reverse these trends and restore 100 million hectares of land by 2030. This country-led effort will bring 100 million hectares of land in Africa into restoration by 2030. This initiative aims to accelerate restoration to enhance food security, increase climate change resilience and mitigation and combat rural poverty. This includes 32 participating countries in Africa, along with local communities, national governments, public and private sector partners, and international development programs.
  • Planting trees in Africa reaps multiple benefits! Notably, reforestation here will help to add nutrients to the soil and control erosion, minimize poverty within local communities through the creation of jobs, and improve food security by feeding impoverished families through the planting of fruit trees. Ultimately, added forest cover in this region will diminish pressure on remaining forests, allowing for biodiversity to flourish and ultimately helping with the global climate crisis.
  • A personalized tree certificate (see gallery) to say thanks for your donation. We'll also send you updates about this project, so you can track the impact your trees are having on the community and environment.
  • We will plant an array of indigenous tree species throughout Africa, such as Senegalia polyacantha, Faidherbia albida, Albizia adianthifolia, Persea americana, Calliandra calothyrsus, Macadamia spp., shea, and mahogany. Fruit trees will also be planted, which include mango, orange, tangerine, avocado, apple, guava, and Brazil nut.

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