Canada's forest are remarkably vast. Covering nearly 400,000,000 hectares, they represent 9% of the world's total forest coverage. This plethora of tree coverage places Canada second in the world for over all for total forest area, just behind Russia and ahead of Brazil (3rd), USA (4th), and China (5th).
Tree coverage in Canada stretches from coast to coast and even encroaches far up into the Northern Territories, pushing towards the Arctic circle. With nearly 40% of the country covered in trees, the composition of Canada's forests varies widely across regions.
Canadian forests are to home to some of the most distinct and iconic animal and plant life.
Canada's forest are largely made up of coniferous trees like spruce, pine, and fir. Coniferous forests make up 68% of Canadian forests followed by mixed wood, then broadleaf forests.
Mingling within these forests you will find moose, lynx, cougars, bears, caribou, martens, and around 450 bird species. In fact, the trees in Canadian forests are home to 2/3 of all Canadian species!
According the Government of Canada, the country's deforestation levels are among the lowest in the world. For more than 25 years Canada's deforestation rates have been decreasing, and currently rests around 0.01% of total forest disturbance - that's only about 37,000 hectares!
That being said, Canada still loses considerable tree coverage. In 2016, nearly 15.5 million hectares of forest were lost to insect infestations, and over the last decade, wildfires have destroyed 2.7 million hectares of forest.
In 2016, the Canadian government recorded more than 615 million tree saplings were planted to help rebuild that lost tree coverage, but that only covers some 400,000 hectares of land.
B.C. has established itself as a leader in forest management, stringent forest policies, stewardship, and research. Your support will help us plant healthy forests to reduce the damage from beetle infestations, lessen the impact of wildfires, and preserve the province’s natural beauty for generations to come.
Planting trees will restore watersheds, rebuild important wildlife habitats, and will ultimately combat climate change and global warming. Most importantly, your donation will help fill the void left by the termination of the 50 Million Tree program. With your support, conservation organizations will continue to plant trees across the province.
Your support will help our partners restore and expand Québec's forests, and protect them against urban sprawl, timber industry, and resource development projects. Our partners ensure the forests remain strong by educating communities on the importance of sustainable forest management in Québec.