Amazon Rainforest Facts
Fun Facts About the Amazon Rainforest
The Amazon Rainforest is possibly one of the most fascinating places on Earth. If you've seen images or footage of the area, it's easy to captivated by its size and unique ecosystem. Home to a large variety of plants, animals, and trees - this rainforest has so many interesting features.
To start, check out our Amazon reforestation video!
9 Amazon Rainforest Fun Facts
1. LUNGS OF THE EARTH
The Amazon Rainforest is responsible for producing than 20% of the world's oxygen, which is why it is many times referred to as "Lungs of the Earth".
While it covers only 3.4 million square miles - less than 2% of the Earth's surface - the Amazon produces more than 10 times that amounts worth of the world's oxygen!
3. World's Largest Rainforest
How big is the Amazon rainforest? Covering an area of approximately 2.3 million square miles ( 6 million square kilometers), the Amazon Rainforest is the world's largest tropical rainforest.
The Amazon is larger than the next two rainforests (the Congo Basin and the tropical areas of Indonesia.
As of 2020, the Amazon had 526 million hectares of primary forest.
4. AMAZON RIVER IS THE LARGEST BY VOLUME
The Amazon River is the world's largest river by discharge, at an average discharge rate of about 209,000 cubic meters per second - representing approximately 20% of global riverine discharge to the ocean.
The river covers about 2,000 miles, which would be the distance between Shelburne, Vermont, and Houston, Texas
5. rich ecosystem
The Amazon is one of the world's richest and most-varied ecosystems,
Home to over 40,000 plant species, 3,000 fish species, 1,300 bird species, 430 mammals and an amazing 2.5 million different insect species!
It's safe to say you will find so many interesting and diverse creatures lurking the forest floor, or moving from tree to tree.
6. HOME TO Deadly CreaTures
While many of the animals within the Amazon are gentle and friendly, there are definitely a few that you would want to keep your distance from, such as venomous snakes, poisonous frogs, jaguars and flesh-eating piranhas!
What would you do if you came across any of these fascinating, but deadly, creatures?
7. DARK forest floor
Due to the trees' thick canopies (top branches and tree leaves), many parts of the forest have an almost black forest floor, as only 1% of sunlight can actually make it through.
The canopies are so thick that when it rains it can take 10 minutes until the water reaches the soil.
8. INDIGENOUS tribes
In addition to being home to thousands of different tree and animal species, the Amazon Rainforest is also inhabited by 400-500 indigenous tribes.
It is estimated that over 50 of these tribes have never had contact with the outside world, showing that there are still parts of the Amazon that remain untouched.
Over the past 40 years, 20% of the Amazon Rainforest has already been cut down and it is estimated that if deforestation continues at this rate, there might not be much left in the next 40 years.
Deforestation in the Amazon is often attributed to by cattle ranching occurring in Brazil, a country that contains 67% of the Amazon.
While all of these facts and figures are fascinating, we've seen that, unfortunately, we're at risk of losing the Amazon due to deforestation. This is why it is extremely important that we take action in order to preserve this amazing forest and all that it has to offer.
One Tree Planted is working to support reforestation in the Amazon and you can help by planting trees in the Amazon Rainforest.